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interior architecture terms

Bohemian: A decorative style featuring mis-matched furniture and assorted patterns. Date: 2009-2010. A section of a building distinguished by vertical elements such as columns or pillars. Properly communicating with your stylist, interior decorator or an art collector is the key to ending up with a product full of your personal style. An arch consisting of two opposing “S”-curves meeting in a point at the apex. A pavilion may also stand alone, separate from a larger building, or may be connected to a main building by a terrace or path. The colonial kitchen display of the World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893 in Chicago was exceedingly popular amongst Colonial Revival enthusiasts. A vertical supporting element, similar to a small column. A characteristic (particularly of classical architecture) by which the two sides of a facade or architectural floor plan of a building present mirror images of one another. The three primary orders, used in Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, are, chronologically: the Doric order, the Ionic order, and the Corinthian order. A saw with a small, thin blade used for cutting curves and curlicues in wooden boards. It includes elements of engineering and art. There are 500 architecture-related words in total, with the top 5 most semantically related being architect, structure, design, architectural and building.You can get the definition(s) of a word in the list below by tapping the question-mark icon next to it. The horizontal intersection of two roof slopes at the top of a roof. Often, vines are trained around the wooden framework of a pergola, and the pergola may lead from one building to another. Help support our programs in advocacy, funding and outreach. St. Louis, MO 63119 Saltbox roofs are common to the architecture of Colonial New England. See Traditional Ethos. A. Elizabethan architecture resulted from the English debut of French and Italian Renaissance architecture, whose classical order and symmetry transformed the asymmetrical and rambling medieval English castle. Rafters are the inclined, sloping framing members of a roof, and to which the roof covering is affixed. The two words “color” and “hue” are often used interchangeably; however, technically there is a difference. An open space, usually open to the sky, enclosed by a building, often with an arcade or colonnade. This pairing is common and is most effective when several pairs of columns are used in series to form a colonnade. A structural support, similar to a column, but larger and more massive, and often without ornamentation. Adobe buildings are particularly common in the southwestern United States, where they are indigenous. A classical style of architecture. Put simply, interior architecture is the design of an interior in architectural terms. I find a touch of Chinoiserie applied with a light hand to a Bernoudy is taking the interior in a more decorative direction without stepping too far away from the root of the design. A turret is usually cylindrical, and is topped by a conical roof. Ambient: A space that utilizes inherent, environmental conditions. A low wall, located at the top of any sudden drop, such as at the top of the facade of a building. Shapes demarcated upon masonry by scored lines. The reign of Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, which commenced upon the coronation of Queen Victoria on June 20, 1837 and concluded upon her death on January 22, 1901 (Victoria was also crowned the Empress of India on May 1, 1876). Blind arcade or arcading: the same applied to the wall surface. See bay. In the late 19th- and early 20th-centuries, a kitchen inspired by the kitchens of Colonial America. The part of a building that rises above the building’s eaves. A four-sided hipped roof featuring two slopes on each side, the lower slopes being very steep, almost vertical, and the upper slopes sometimes being so horizontal that they are not visible from the ground. A curved or pointed structural element that is supported at its sides. New York City Landmarks Designates Park Slope Expansion District. 314-918-3000. Jacobean architecture was revived in the United States the early 20th century. Due to the impermanent nature of this construction, very few Poteau- en-terre buildings remain. Double doors are often referred to as “French doors”, due to their preponderance in French architecture. BOX 191606 Bricks formed out of mud or clay, and baked in a kiln or under the sun. A perpendicular window located in a sloping roof; triangular walls join the window to the roof. Cancellations. Ottoman A gallerie connects interior rooms together, much like a hallway. ... An agency of the U.S. Department of the Interior charged with the planning and administration of all parks and monuments in the federal park system. The contract is often a method of driving change. In a contemporary home today, you will often find clean lines, a connection to the outdoors, and an abundance of natural materials. Get information on Certified Residential Interior Designer programs by entering your zip code and request enrollment information. Terms related interior design. Now with the addition of the term ‘Interior Architect’ coming into the conversation, being able to establish the correct terminology, to define the role and responsibilities, and to … A small tower that pierces a roofline. Please be sure to include an email address in your billing information so that we may keep you informed of activities and events. We gravitate toward certain color palettes, lines and shapes, and architectural details, but communicating that vision to a designer often leaves us flummoxed, searching for just the right words. Dormer windows are sometimes crowned with pediments, and they often light attic sleeping rooms; “dormer” derives from “dormir,” French for “to sleep.”. A slender, pointed construction atop a building, often a church. Principles play up natural elements, favor neutral color palettes, keep lines simple and squeeze optimal function out of every part of the décor.” –impressiveinteriordesign.com, “Scandinavian style is pared back with a warm functionality and an understated feel of elegance. Examples include: 1. The second-oldest (mid-6th – 5th century B.C.E.) Colloquially, a patio is a more informal space than a terrace. A window frame that is hinged on one vertical side, and which swings open to either the inside or the outside of the building. A cupola is sometimes topped with a lantern. A semi-circular or semi-elliptical window, with wedge-shaped panes of glass separated by mullions arranged like the spokes of a wagon wheel. Creativity and manufacturing were drifting apart, and the Bauhaus aimed to unite them once again.”  –theartstory.org, CONTEMPORARY: “With neutral colors, furniture in basic materials such as wood and stainless steel and a minimal amount of ornaments, the aim is for a clean and uncluttered feel. For most students of architecture, the first few years of learning involve a demanding crash course in architectural jargon. A series of arches supported by columns or other vertical elements. An exceptionally tall portion of a building. Shingling is a traditional weather-proofing method for building. By Monique Valeris and Kelsey Kloss. Two adjacent doors that share the same door frame, and between which there is no separating vertical member. Tile roofs are common in many parts of the world, including the Mediterranean and the Southwestern United States. An architectural term applied to a colonnade, in which the intercolumniation is alternately wide and narrow. A roof shaped like a bell, and typically situated on top of a round tower. A band of richly sculpted ornamentation on a building. Search Certified Residential Interior Designer Programs. An Interior Design Glossary with many words and definitions related to Interior Design. An arch that is pointed at its apex, rather than rounded; common in Gothic and Gothic Revival architecture. Now you can converse like a design pro. A large gilt statue of Athena once stood inside the temple. Interior Designer, Architect or Interior Architect? Materials such as plastic, steel and laminate were heavily used. A requirement for the architect to notify the owner in writing of any deviations, deficiencies, or defects in the project. Examples of case-goods are chests, tables, dressers, bookshelves and cabinets. An arch whose arc is shorter than that of a full semi-circle. 3. What is Interior Design? The following are common architectural terms. French Baroque architecture melded traditional French architectural forms (such as steep roofs and irregular rooflines) with classical Italian elements (such as columns, porticos, and segmental pediments), and greatly influenced the non-religious architecture of 18th-century Europe. A narrow window, sometimes hinged at the top, positioned over a doorway or larger window. An open, roofed porch, usually enclosed on the outside by a railing or balustrade, and often wrapping around two or more (or all of the) sides of a building. Interior Design and Decorating is a wonderful career choice, but there are just so many things to remember, it is like learning a new language. In ancient Greece, the Ionic order was the feminine order, and the most appropriate for temples constructed in homage to goddesses. Hi there! Glossary of Architectural Terms Page 2 Corinthian column capital in architectural fiberglass (GFRP) featuring stylized Acanthus leaves. A small dome, or hexagonal or octagonal tower, located at the top of a building. Monochromatic Monochromatic mean one color. Nave, where the congregation sits.. Aisles round the edges. When the ridge line of a gable-roofed house is perpendicular to the street, the roof is said to be a “gable-end roof.”. A side wing, tower, or window bay that protrudes from a building. The space inside the triangular piece is called the “tympanum,” and is often decorated. Crenellations were originally employed for defensive purposes (one could hide behind a raised wall section, while shooting down at enemies from over a lowered wall section), but were later used for decoration. A projecting bay that is lit on all of its projecting sides by windows. We've all been there before. An exterior wall, or face, of a building. Architecture is the planning, design and construction of buildings and other large structures. Small rectangular blocks that, when placed together in a row abutting a molding, suggest a row of teeth. The Interior Design Career Center. A railing consisting of a row of balusters supporting a rail. Like-a-picture, charming, quaint. Jacobean architecture made use of many classical elements, such as columns, pilasters, and arcades, but it did so in a free and fanciful manner, rather than according to strict classical tradition. Terms to include are: 1. Fenestration: It’s a blanket terms for the design, construction, and presence of any openings in a building.Think windows, doors, vents, wall panels, skylights, curtain walls or louvers. A wide, wrap-around covered porch lined with columns on one side, and common to French Colonial architecture of Louisiana. Also known as a battlement. See patio. It’s noted for clean lines, bold color, angular shapes and stylized patterns such as zigzags.” –Interior Design Timeline via Visually, “I love the glam and the fact that they mix their metals. Bolster: A long pillow or cushion usually placed on a chair, sofa or bed. Rafters that are exposed to the outside of a building. Flooring would blend from one room to another, as would the walls, which were usually left bare or painted white.” –Interior Design Timeline via Visually, SCANDINAVIAN: “Simplicity and function are the guiding principles that have shaped the design sensibilities of Nordic Europe, resulting in spaces suffused with light, airiness, and a feeling of oneness with nature. Ancient Roman cities buried by volcanic rock with the eruption of Mt. Slate has been used to roof buildings in the United States since the colonial era. Sliding doors are popular in such a plan, as are central living rooms. Not as minimal and basic in design as contemporary but with decoration focused on simplicity. Vernacular architecture responds to local methods of building construction, local climates, and local living needs and traditions. Small, rectangular-shaped slats of wood that are nailed to an exterior surface, overlapping one another from top to bottom. The architect's deadlines for producing documents. A passageway that cuts through the center of a building, from front to back, and off of which rooms open to the sides. As local environments evolve over time, so too does vernacular architecture. It is sloped with concave curves at the top, and with convex curves at the bottom. A smooth surface, usually rectangular (or sometimes circular) in shape and framed by a molding, and often featuring decorative, sculptural carving. Architects may also require understanding of sustainability, culture, law, business, materials, physics and other sciences. Apr 27, 2019 - Explore Susan Currie Design's board "Interior Design Descriptive Words", followed by 939 people on Pinterest. French doors are often referred to as “double doors.”. Bernoudy, being a student of Frank Lloyd Wright, like Wright, often incorporated Asian-influenced design elements. It could be dishes passed down from generations, plates on the wall that feel modern, or an antique buffet that’s been passed down, plus a modern, sleek dining room table and chairs. Below is a glossary of architectural elements and terms that you may become familiar with when working with Architectural Realms®. The designers from the Modern era inspire us to explore the unknown. A mixing of various architectural styles and ornamentation of the past and present, including ornamentation from Asia. Chimney flues visible from the exterior of a house, and sometimes very decorative. See stick-work. A projecting window of an upper floor, supported from below by a bracket. ECLECTIC: “The eclectic style forced a rise in the interior design trade as it created a need … This is a technique common to American folk architecture. Attic windows are common to ancient Greek and Greek Revival architecture. Architecture constructed in England during the reigns of James I, Charles I, Charles II, and James II (1603-1688); Jacobean architecture followed Elizabethan architecture, and preceded the English Renaissance architecture of Inigo Jones. A molding about a fireplace, often highly decorated. Quizlet flashcards, activities and … 4. Their clean, simple forms and patterns are timeless. Vesuvius in 79 A.D. Architecture created from mostly local materials, by and for the use of local people. Fan lights are usually found over entrance doors and windows, particularly in Federal and Greek Revival homes. At times, gingerbreading could be superfluous and almost gaudy, with excessive frills and curlicues. The movable frames in a window in which window panes are set. The oldest (dating to the 6th-century B.C.E.) Vernacular architecture typically exhibits the traditional ethos of its builders. of the three basic orders of classical Greek architecture (the others being the Doric and the Corinthian orders). A sequence of alternating raised and lowered wall sections at the top of a high exterior wall or parapet. Clapboards are a traditional weather-proofing device. A gable roof whose rear slope is longer than its front slope. ART DECO: “A decorative style of the 1920s and 1930s using elements intended to suggest modern technological developments.” (A History of Interior Design, by John Pile and Judith Gura) Art Deco “stood for modernity as well as elegance and glamour. Furniture is usually the most expensive piece in the room.” –Heather Helms, president of the Missouri East Chapter of the American Society of Interior Design, P.O. Often, a bay will protrude from the surface of the wall in which it is situated, thus creating a small, nook-like interior space, often of a rectangular or semi-hexagonal outline. Free revision of the Construction Documents if the project goes over budget by a certain percentage, usually 15-20 percent. Often, a bay will protrude from the surface of the wall in which it is situated, thus creating a small, nook-like interior space, often of a rectangular or semi-hexagonal outline. A form of plaster made of mud, clay and moss used in poteaux-en-terre construction in French Colonial architecture, particularly in Louisiana. The inclined, sloping framing members of a roof, and to which the roof covering is affixed. A floor plan in which there are no (or few) hallways, and rooms open directly onto one another, often through wide doorways. In ancient Greece, the Doric order was the masculine, and the most preferred, order. Glossary of Architectural Terms. It takes a personality to fully embrace Scandinavian style.” –Aisling Leonard, Ash Leonard Design, SOUTHERN: “Well-curated collections amassed from items gathered over time, family heirlooms, and a particular flair for the interesting.” –Southern Lady magazine, “Southern style is a way of life, curated family style. A wooden grid of boards overlaid atop an exterior surface. A roof with a bell-shaped profile. A spirit, character, custom, etc. The lowest part of a classical entablature. Color is a general term we use to describe what we see when we look at any hue, tone, tint, or shade. A window that is fully arched at its top. interior space in Japan that reflect s japanese interior architectural concepts and their identity. Rafters are the inclined, sloping framing members of a roof, to which the roof covering is affixed. The designation expands the district by approximately 300 buildings. Artistic: A design style that is unstructured and surprising. A variation of the Ionic order, and the youngest (dating from the 4th century B.C.E.) Niche (pronounced neesh) A niche is a recess in a wall often used to display accessories or artwork. You might start with a painting and then choreograph the pieces into a dance.” –David Kent Richardson, DKR Interiors, MIDCENTURY MODERN: “The aim was to bring the outdoors in and therefore big windows and open-planned rooms were utilized. and plainest of the three basic orders of classical Greek architecture (the others being the Ionic and the Corinthian orders). It can lend individual personality—one pop of quirkiness among muted tones and textures. A fixed window positioned to the side of a doorway or window. I love the feeling of wood and something green and earthy. 2. Services Offered by an Interior Architect As we know, the terms interior architecture and interior design are many times grouped under and referred to as interior design, but an interior architect takes on a more complex task than an interior designer. Architrave: 1. Feb 11, 2019 Photo: Christian Harder; Interior Design by Joan Enger. The widespread use in the mid-19th century of the jigsaw – a hand tool consisting of a handle attached to a small, thin blade – made gingerbread decorations readily available to home builders. A plaster used as a coating for walls and ceilings, and often used for decoration; it is common to many parts of the world, particularly to the Mediterranean region and to the regions of the United States once colonized by Spain (i.e., Florida and California). For a considerable amount of time, the debate as to the difference between the terms ‘Interior Designer’ and ‘Architect’ has continued to gather momentum. A roof covered with tiles that are usually hollow and half-cylindrical in shape, and made out of clay. A traditional community of Native Americans living in the southwestern United States. An arched window immediately flanked by two smaller, non-arched windows, popularized by Andrea Palladio in northern Italy in the 16th century, and frequently deployed by American architects working in the American Georgian and American Palladian styles in the 17th and 18th centuries. Columns may be plain or ornamental. List of church architecture terms.The terms used in church architecture were developed first for the Gothic architecture cathedrals of the mediaeval era. The use of adobe bricks dates back to prehistoric times, and continues today. A crowning projection at a roof line, often with molding or other classical detail. the practice of an interior architect, where architecture means to offer or render professional … A supporting pillar consisting of a base, a cylindrical shaft, and a capital on top of the shaft. We know what we like and what we don’t like. If any definitions still seem hard to envision, check out the examples for each. A structural element that provides support over an opening in a masonry wall (i.e., made of brick or stone). Ever the imitators, but rarely the inventors, the ancient Romans grafted the volute scrolls of the Ionic order onto the capitals of the Corinthian order to result in the Composite Order. See lattice-work. A roof covered with straw, which is layered so as to shed rain quickly and effectively. The projecting edge of a roof that overhangs an exterior wall to protect it from the rain. Bright colors are sometimes used to contrast against the neutral feel.”  –Interior Design Timeline via Visually, “Modern design speaks to us because of the innovative and classic designs that were brought forth by some of the most appreciated and well-known designers in history. The rear slope often very nearly meets the ground. Pylon a monumental gateway to an ancient Egyptian temple, formed by a pair of truncated pyramidal towers. Two of the sides are trapezoidal in shape, while the remaining two sides are triangular, and thus meet the ridge at its end-points. Below is a list of 18 common terms to help bridge the gap between art lover and art professional. A decorative triangular piece situated over a portico, door, window, fireplace, etc. The structural units that divide adjacent windows. 5. A colonial kitchen is usually large, with a wide, open hearth, and contains no modern conveniences (or else contains modern conveniences contrived to look pre-modern). SEPTIC TANK- A covered tank in which waste matter is decomposed by natural bacterial … Ventilation panels, often highly decorative. Colored glass. Casement windows often occur in pairs. Two adjacent doors that share the same door frame, and between which there is no separating vertical member. See more ideas about descriptive words, words, interior design. See gingerbreading. In ancient Rome, the Doric order was often replaced with the “Tuscan” order indigenous to the Italian peninsula; it consisted of an unfluted shaft, a simply molded capital, and a base. Antique: Decorative elements that are 100 years older. The metal fittings of a building, such as locks, latches, hinges, handles, and knobs. Arcade Passage or walkway covered over by a succession of arches or vaults supported by columns. It’s using heirloom pieces in a way that feels unfussy, mixing them into the décor in a way that tells a story. The story of Hansel and Gretel is a fairy tale in which two children lost in a forest come upon a gingerbread house trimmed with candy, but which is presided over by a child-eating witch. Make a tax-deductible donation to the Trust for Architectural Easements today. The architecture, interior decoration and regal colors (“Pompeian red,” in particular) of these ancient cities influenced the Federal Style of the early 19th century. landscape architecture terms. See bay window. Windows that are made up of many small, diamond-shaped panes of glass, common in Colonial and Colonial Revival buildings. Architect: An individual, partnership, corporation or other legal entity licensed to practice the profession of architecture under the education law of the State of New York. Mid century modern is a term that is used to describe furniture and architecture that was modern in the 1950's. A wooden siding treatment in which wide, vertically oriented boards are separated by narrower strips of wood called “battens,” which form the joints between the boards. Plus, local interior designers explain various styles and movements and how they influence their work. See bay window and bay. A cornice molding is a cross between a cornice and a molding – a cornice is a crowning projection at a roof line, while a molding is a decorative strip of wood. In order to qualify for an entry-level position with an architecture or design firm, interior architects need a 4-year degree. The bell roof has origins in Normandy, toured extensively by Stanford White, who incorporated bell roofs into many of his Shingle Style houses and buildings. A shallow, non-structural rectangular column, attached to, and projecting only slightly from, a wall surface. 4. Adobe bricks are often bonded together with mud- or lime-mortar joints, and coats of lime-and-sand stucco often cover adobe walls to prevent them from eroding in the rain. A projection from a vertical surface that provides structural and/or visual support for overhanging elements such as cornices, balconies, and eaves. Owner right to join the architect and contractor for arbitration and mediation. Here’s a list of six of the most common color terms used in interior design and decorating. On April 12, 2016 The New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission voted to expand the Park Slope Historic District in Brooklyn, New York, for the second time since it was established in 1973. Arch The Corinthian order was utilized in ancient Greece almost exclusively for temple interiors, but became very prominent in ancient Rome, due to the ancient Romans’ taste for excessive ornamentation, particularly in architecture. Architectural elements that have the appearance of having been sculpted. ... forming an interior or exterior portico through which one enters a monumental building, hence a monumental entranceway. These years marked the height of both the British Empire and the Industrial Revolution, when the United Kingdom became a global power, and its culture, including its architecture, assimilated influences from all over the world. Glossary was compiled by … See bay window. A tiered tower with multiple roof layers, constructed about a central axis pole. A mode of wall construction in French Colonial America in which tall posts are rammed into the ground, and the spaces between them are filled with mud plaster, also known as bousillage. An entrance porch with columns or pilasters and a roof, and often crowned by a triangular pediment. A window with two sashes that move independently of each other. A roof with two slopes – front and rear– joining at a single ridge line parallel to the entrance façade. Large, prominent masonry units outlining windows, doorways, segments, and corners of buildings. A Doric column is stout, with a fluted shaft (ideally, with 20 flutes), a plain capital, and no base. 2. A timber framework of Medieval European derivative whose timbers are in-filled with masonry or plaster. Elizabethan architecture was revived in the United States in the early 20th century. Accouplement The placing of two columns or pilasters very close together. Statues of men and women dressed in ancient Grecian or Roman attire. COLOR & HUE. A reinforcing and/or stabilizing element of an architectural frame. The style was relatively simple.” –Interior Design Timeline via Visually, “I continue to be intrigued by the influences of form-follows-function eras and designers such as William Morris, Mies van der Rohe, and Frank Lloyd Wright. A form of Baroque architecture that evolved in France during the reigns of Louis XIII (1610-43), Louis XIV (1643-1714), and Louis XV (1714-74). A repeated pattern, image, idea, or theme. Naval architecture Case-Goods: Furniture made of hard materials such as wood, metal, glass or plastic. A design that incorporates a pointed shape similar to an accent mark, common to Art Deco architecture. Contrast: Creating contrast in a room's décor is achieved by using opposite textures (such as glass and wood), light and dark colors, solids an… Search this website. Pueblos consist of many adjacent houses made of adobe brick, although these houses are often, themselves, called pueblos. The aim is to be timeless by blending the old with the new. A timber dwelling, cottage, or lodge with a gable roof and wide eaves, indigenous to the Swiss Alps, but now found worldwide. 2. 3. Belvederes are characteristic of Italianate houses. A hood molding is also referred to as a “drip molding.”. Jack arches are not actually arch-shaped, but are, instead, flat, and made of individual wedge-shaped bricks or stones held in place through compression. A small but prominent portion of a building that juts out from a main building, either above its roof line, or to the side, and which is identified by a unique (usually diminutive) height and individual roof type. The terms, with variations, are used for all kinds of Christian churches.. Horizontal layout. Its stonework was originally brightly colored, but its paint has long since worn away. Brickwork made up of rows of bricks of alternating colors, typically red and white. > Landscape Architecture Terms. Rafters that extend beyond the eaves of a roof. Inspired by Richard Serra's Verb List, … Eclecticism in architecture was very popular in both Victorian England and in the United States during the second half of the 19th century. Contemporary design is often misrepresented as modern design. The front facade of a building contains the building’s main entrance, the rear facade is the building’s rear exterior wall, and the side facades are a building’s side exterior walls. A belvedere is a square-shaped cupola. © 2020 - The Trust for Architectural Easements, Selling or Buying an Easement-Encumbered Property, Energy-efficient properties of historic buildings. Design pros use many phrases and words to convey various design concepts. of the three basic orders of classical Greek architecture (the others being the Doric and the Ionic orders). Picturesque architecture and landscape architecture evolved in England in the 18th and 19th centuries, and influenced American architecture and landscapes in the 19th century; winding paths, asymmetrical compositions, rustic or exotic elements (see pagoda), and faux ruins were characteristic of picturesque architecture and landscapes. Plainest of the three basic orders of classical Greek architecture ( the being... 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Out over the story beneath it, common in Colonial American architecture you..., usually open to the entrance façade projecting only slightly from, a surface. For the architect and contractor for arbitration and mediation the mediaeval era comes up that 's left completely... Vocabulary, terms and more massive, and found in many parts of the shaft of building. England and in the United States the interior architecture terms 20th centuries, particularly in Louisiana a lookout tower located. That have the appearance of having been sculpted the masculine, and knobs of boards overlaid atop exterior!

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