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mao quotes cultural revolution

First to fall by the wayside were the educators. The leaders must therefore be skilled in uniting the small number of active elements around the leadership and must rely on them to raise the level of the intermediate elements and to win over the backward elements. There are difficulties and problems in those places for us to overcome and solve. “Our Study and the Current Situation” (April 12, 1944), Selected Works, Vol. If what he proposes will benefit the people, we will act upon it. This method must be promoted everywhere so that leading cadres at all levels learn to apply it. II, p. 224. We should support whatever the enemy opposes and oppose whatever the enemy supports. The People's democratic dictatorship is based on the alliance of the working class, the peasantry and the urban petty bourgeoisie, and mainly on the alliance of the workers and the peasants, because these two classes comprise 80 to go per cent of China's population. To be good at translating the Party's policy into action of the masses, to be good at getting not only the leading cadres but also the broad masses to understand and master every movement and every struggle we launch - this is an art of Marxist-Leninist leadership. Revolution Quotes. He thinks the sky is only as big as the top of the well. “On Coalition Government” (April 24, 1945), Selected Works, Vol. “Some Questions Concerning Methods of Leadership” (June 1, 1943), Selected Works, Vol. – Mao Zedong, To Be Attacked by the Enemy Is Not a Bad Thing but a Good Thing. – Mao Zedong, It is up to us to organize the people. All our literature and art are for the masses of the people, and in the first place for the workers, peasants and soldiers; they are created for the workers, peasants and soldiers and are for their use. It is man's social being that determines his thinking. The way to oppose a war of this kind is to do everything possible to prevent it before it breaks out and, once it breaks out, to oppose war with war, to oppose unjust war with just war, whenever possible. III, p. 227. This internal contradiction exists in every single thing, hence its motion and development. Cadres are a decisive factor, once the political line is determined. – Mao Zedong, Communists must never separate themselves from the majority of the people or neglect them by leading only a few progressive contingents in an isolated and rash advance but must take care to forge close links between the progressive elements and the broad masses. II, p. 308. The 2020 Cultural Revolution. We can assuredly build a socialist state with modern industry, modern agriculture, and modern science and culture. I, p. 28. The commanders and fighters of the entire Chinese People's Liberation Army absolutely must not relax in the least their will to fight; any thinking that relaxes the will to fight and belittles the enemy is wrong. “Problems of War and Strategy” (November 6, 1938), Selected Works, Vol. We did not win the people over by appealing to reason but by developing hope, trust, fraternity. The contradictions between the enemy and us are antagonistic contradictions. Communists should be the most farsighted, the most self-sacrificing, the most resolute, and the least prejudiced in sizing up situations, and should rely on the majority of the masses and win their support. Was not Hitler a paper tiger? III, p. 118. Because imperialism still exists, because domestic reaction still exists, because classes still exist in our country. – Mao Zedong, People of the world, unite and defeat the U.S. aggressors and all their running dogs! II, p. 197. “A Talk to the Editorial Staff of the Shansi-Suiyuan Daily” (April 2, 1948). On this foundation it is possible to accomplish any task whatsoever. IV, p. 422. Yes, we do, but not right now. This is a question of the first importance for the revolution. “The United Front in Cultural Work” (October 30, 1944), Selected Works, Vol. For only by being practical can they fulfil the appointed tasks, and only far-sightedness can prevent them from losing their bearings in the march forward. The same fate awaits the accomplices of the United States. Inner-Party criticism is a weapon for strengthening the Party organization and increasing its fighting capacity. “The Role of the Chinese Communist Party in the National War” (October 1938), Selected Works, Vol. IV, p. 301. We think that it is harmful to the growth of art and science if administrative measures are used to impose one particular style of art or school of thought and to ban another. Mao began writing down his quotes in the early 1950s, ... Simplified Characters, however it was not released to the Communist Party until several years later, shortly before the Cultural Revolution. II, pp. An army without culture is a dull-witted army, and a dull-witted army cannot defeat the enemy. – Mao Zedong, No political party can possibly lead a great revolutionary movement to victory unless it possesses revolutionary theory and knowledge of history and has a profound grasp of the practical movement. II. “Methods of Work of Party Committees” (March 13, 1949), Selected Works, Vol. “Introducing The Communist” (October 4, 1939), Selected Works, Vol. Conceived of as a "revolution to touch people’s souls," the aim of the Cultural Revolution was to attack the Four Olds-- old ideas, old culture, old customs, and old habits--in order to bring the areas of education, art and literature in line with Communist ideology. Next, it should be pointed out that the source of ultra-democracy consists in the petty bourgeoisie's individualistic aversion to discipline. – Mao Zedong, The cardinal responsibility of leadership is to identify the dominant contradiction at each point of the historical process and to work out a central line to resolve it. We certainly do not want to see the farce of the Olympic flag flying over a city in which a corpse is worshiped. If you want knowledge, you must take part in the practice of changing reality. – Mao Zedong, Classes struggle, some classes triumph, others are eliminated. We can never succeed if we just let ourselves go and lash at h – Mao Zedong, He who does not reach the Great Wall is not a true man! III, p. 228. It was the class struggles of the peasants, the peasant uprisings and peasant wars that constituted the real motive force of historical development in Chinese feudal society. We Communists are like seeds and the people are like the soil. I, p. 332. In any given phenomenon or thing, the unity of opposites is conditional, temporary and transitory, and hence relative, whereas the struggle of opposites is absolute. “Talks at the Yenan Forum on Literature and Art” (May 1942), Selected Works, Vol. – Mao Zedong, Maybe you’re afraid of sinking. We cannot really learn anything until we rid ourselves of complacency. We hail from all corners of the country and have joined together for a common revolutionary objective.... Our cadres must show concern for every soldier, and all people in the revolutionary ranks must care for each other, must love and help each other. If a man wants to succeed in his work, that is, to achieve the anticipated results, he must bring his ideas into correspondence with the laws of the objective external world; if they do not correspond, he will fail in his practice. Our present task is to strengthen the people’s state apparatus – mainly the people’s army, the people’s police and the people’s courts – in order to consolidate national defense and protect the people’s interests.” – Mao Zedong, After the countrywide victory of the Chinese revolution and the solution of the land problem, two basic contradictions will still exist in China. – Mao Zedong, We should encourage comrades to take the interests of the whole into account. It is well known that when you do anything, unless you understand its actual circumstances, its nature and its relations to other things, you will not know the laws governing it, or know how to do it, or be able to do it well. “On the Chungking Negotiations” (October 17, 1945), Selected Works, Vol. The masses in any given place are generally composed of three parts, the relatively active, the intermediate and the relatively backward. Long-distance running is particularly good training in perseverance. II. Under this system, the people enjoy extensive democracy and freedom, but at the same time they have to keep within the bounds of socialist discipline. “Be Concerned with the Well-Being of the Masses, Pay Attention to Methods of Work” (January 27, 1934). – Mao Zedong, The atom bomb is a paper tiger which the United States reactionaries use to scare people. “Cast Away Illusions, Prepare for Struggle” (August 14, 1949), On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People. Because imperialism still exists, because domestic reaction still exists, because classes still exist in our country. We are advocates of the abolition of war, we do not want war; but war can only be abolished through war, and in order to get rid of the gun it is necessary to take up the gun. From a long-term point of view, it is not the reactionaries but the people who are powerful. – Mao Zedong, Political work is the lifeblood of all economic work. “Revolutionary Forces of the World Unite, Fight Against Imperialist Aggression!” (November 1948), Selected Works, Vol. In our experience this is the correct method of resolving contradictions among the people. – Mao Zedong, We speak to no other country as frankly and openly as we do to you, – Mao Zedong, In 1644, the last Ming emperor … he hung himself from a tree just over there. Our educational policy must enable everyone who receives an education to develop morally, intellectually and physically and become a worker with both socialist consciousness and culture. – Mao Zedong, When guerillas engage a stronger enemy, they withdraw when he advances, harass him when he stops, strike him when he is weary, pursue him when he withdraws. – Mao Zedong, You can’t solve a problem? No one in a leading position is competent to give general guidance to all the units unless he derives concrete experience from particular individuals and events in particular subordinate units. However, if circumstances force us to fight, we can fight to the finish. Of the two contradictory aspects, one must be principal and the other secondary. Fifty years on, one of Mao’s ‘little generals’ exposes horror of the Cultural Revolution. “On the People's Democratic Dictatorship” (June 30, 1949), Selected Works, Vol. “Get Organized!” (November 29, 1943), Selected Works, Vol. – Mao Zedong, That has less significance than a dog’s fart. Weapons are an important factor in war, but not the decisive factor; it is people, not things that are decisive. – Mao Zedong, Communists must be ready at all times to stand up for the truth, because truth is in the interests of the people; Communists must be ready at all times to correct their mistakes, because mistakes are against the interests of the people. – Mao Zedong, All the reputedly powerful reactionaries are merely paper tigers. – Mao Zedong, The comrades throughout the Party must take all this fully into account and be prepared to overcome all difficulties with an indomitable will and in a planned way. “Talks at the Yenan Forum on Literature and Art” (May 1942), Selected Works, Vol. Now, there are two different attitudes towards learning from others. If we have shortcomings, we are not afraid to have them pointed out and criticized, because we serve the people. "The Cultural Revolution," the Chinese Communist party wrote just five years after Communist leader Mao Zedong's reign had ended, "was responsible for the most severe setback and the heaviest losses suffered by the party, the state and the people since the founding of the People's Republic.". III, p. 316. – Mao Zedong, To read too many books is harmful. IV, p. 241. In 1966, Mao Tse-tung made his political return and launched the Cultural Revolution. As such, Mao's power in his party and in his country was greatly weakened. Let them go to your place. To interpret history from this viewpoint is historical materialism; standing in opposition to this viewpoint is historical idealism. Different forms and styles in art should develop freely and different schools in science should contend freely. This democratic method of resolving contradictions among the people was epitomized in 1942 in the formula “unity, criticism, unity”. Without a revolutionary party, without a party built on the Marxist-Leninist revolutionary theory and in the Marxist-Leninist revolutionary style, it is impossible to lead the working class and the broad masses of the people in defeating imperialism and its running dogs. More people mean a greater ferment of ideas, more enthusiasm and more energy. “The Situation and Our Policy After the Victory in the War of Resistance Against Japan” (August 13, 1945), Selected Works, Vol. This is what “appointing people on their merit” means. Mao’s top target in the Cultural Revolution was the CCP’s second-highest official, Liu Shaoqi. All genuine knowledge originates in direct experience. All revolutions burn out eventually, and the revolutionaries themselves become victims of their own fervour — and with any luck we will see the same thing happen with America’s own cultural revolution. II, p. 150. – Mao Zedong, The people, and the people alone, are the motive force in the making of world history. IV, Guard against arrogance. It also applies to relations with people outside the Party. When this characteristic is brought into the Party, i t develops into ultra-democratic ideas politically and organizationally. Anyone, no matter who, may point out our shortcomings. – Mao Zedong, Our enemies are all those in league with imperialism – the warlords, the bureaucrats, the comprador class, the big Landlord class and the reactionary section of the intelligentsia attached to them. If this is not sufficiently understood, or is not understood at all, the gravest mistakes will be made and the necessity of waging the struggle in the ideological field will be ignored. The sole purpose of this army is to stand firmly with the Chinese people and to serve them whole-heartedly. IV, p. 100. – Mao Zedong, The wealth of society is created by the workers, peasants and working intellectuals. I, p. 333. During the Cultural Revolution, Mao would get his wish, and “The East Is Red” took the place of the national anthem. Don’t think about it. If we do nor now raise and understand the problem in this way, we shall commit the gravest mistakes. First Mao had to overcome political opposition within the hierarchy of the communist party itself and once this was achieved the Cultural Revolution … This should be borne in mind both in the localities and in the army. “Our Study and the Current Situation” (April 12, 1944). Without socialization of agriculture, there can be no complete, consolidated socialism. On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People, (February 27, 1957), p. 3. – Mao Zedong, Revolution is a drama of passion. “Problems of Strategy in China's Revolutionary War” (December 1936), Selected Works, Vol. “The Role of the Chinese Communist Party in the National War” (October 1938), Selected Works, Vol. Launched by Mao American Revolution quotes - The American Revolution was a colonial revolt which occurred between 1765 and 1783. Our slogan in training troops is “Officers teach soldiers, soldiers teach officers and soldiers teach each other”. If one slogan sums up the excesses of the Cultural Revolution, this was it. Revolutionary Civil War Period: “On Practice” and “On Contradiction” 1937. 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